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2022-08-12
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CDB "blood transfusion" distributed photovoltaic power generation

in the past month, the second brother of photovoltaic support new deal came out, and this time the protagonist turned to CDB

a notice entitled "Notice of the national energy administration and the National Development Bank on carrying out the pilot work of financial support for distributed photovoltaic power generation" (hereinafter referred to as the "notice") shows that CDB promises to increase the scale of credit for distributed photovoltaic power generation and expand the scope of support to enterprises, public utilities and other legal entities and natural persons in development and construction

on September 12, a senior executive of a photovoltaic enterprise told that the "notice" was based on the investigation of Yingli Green energy, Trinasolar and other enterprises. In order to support distribution, the notice also gives greater concessions in interest rates and loan terms. For example, for a loan term of up to 20 years, the benchmark interest rate can be reduced by 5% - 10% for high-quality projects

the above notice is a continuation of the document issued by the State Council on August 30. At that time, the State Council issued the notice on giving full play to the role of price leverage to promote the healthy development of the photovoltaic industry, which gave instructions on how banks and others should support the photovoltaic industry: (financial institutions) should adopt flexible credit policies according to the characteristics of the photovoltaic industry and the operation cycle of enterprise funds

at present, the global distributed photovoltaic installed capacity accounts for more than 60%, but in China, this proportion is less than 50%. According to the "12th Five Year Plan" goal of photovoltaic industry development, distributed photovoltaic accounts for more than half of the 35gw photovoltaic installation capacity. Most of the existing distributed power generation projects in China are built on the roofs of ministries and commissions at all levels and industrial parks. Distributed power stations such as residents, schools and hospitals began to be opened in November 2012. Users can use their own electricity spontaneously, and excess electricity can also be sold

a photovoltaic source in Beijing revealed that the new deal of national photovoltaic support has not stopped here, and the follow-up policies, including supporting measures of local governments, will be intensively introduced in the next few months, such as the detailed rules of the kilowatt hour subsidy policy, the 50% tax rebate of the value-added tax of power stations (researcher 1 began to magnetize these ceramic fibers by coating them with a slight amount of iron oxide, and the tax rate will be reduced from 17% to 8.5%), the detailed rules of electricity consolidation, etc

18 photovoltaic demonstration areas receive key support

from the perspective of pilot scope, the focus should be on the 18 distributed photovoltaic demonstration areas that have been launched at present

due to the fact that distributed photovoltaic has just started, the project scale is generally small, the development subject is diversified and other factors, it is difficult to obtain financial support, and this problem is highlighted with the rapid development of distribution

the executives of the above photovoltaic enterprises admit that most of the large-scale ground power stations are invested by central enterprises, which can directly apply for loans from CDB, so they are not within the scope of support of the notice. Because the notice is a guiding opinion, specific rules will be issued for enterprises and individuals on how to loan in the future

the notice clearly points out that CDB will expand the scope of distributed photovoltaic power generation. These projects included in the support are: photovoltaic demonstration areas, new energy demonstration cities, green energy demonstration counties, photovoltaic power generation projects to solve remote and island power shortage areas, urban lighting and communication base stations and other projects, supporting power and micro power projects to solve distributed photovoltaic consumption

the notice focuses on expanding the scope of beneficiaries. Photovoltaic manufacturing enterprises, power generation enterprises, industrial and mining enterprises, scientific research institutions, colleges and universities, engineering quality supervision stations and other departments' ideal testing equipment contracting enterprises, as well as other industrial and commercial enterprises and institutions, which meet the qualification of CDB to directly apply for loans, and whose credit rating is not lower than bbb-, can directly apply for credit support from CDB

CDB also opened a green preferential channel for distributed photovoltaic projects: in principle, the loan term of the project is not more than 15 years, which can be extended by years according to the actual situation of the project. The loan interest rate is based on the benchmark interest rate of the people's Bank of China for the same period and the same grade, and the project identified by the national energy administration is given a discount of 5% - 10%; The project acceptance department shall complete the project roadshow and review within a maximum of 20 working days from the date of receiving the submitted review report

according to the above analysis of Beijing photovoltaic people, although the notice expands the scope of financial support for distributed photovoltaic, from the perspective of the pilot scope, the focus should be on the 18 distributed photovoltaic demonstration areas that have been launched so far, "first, national demonstration projects, CDB needs to participate; second, the demonstration areas are national economic development zones, which are better managed than decentralized projects"

on August 18, the National Energy Administration announced the first batch of 18 demonstration areas of distributed photovoltaic, including Haidian Park, Zhongguancun, Haidian District, Beijing, Yingli, Baoding, Hebei, Qianhai, Shenzhen, and Hangzhou Bay New Area, Ningbo

18 demonstration area projects span years, with a total of 1.823gw, of which 749mw was started in 2013 and the remaining projects were completed in 2015

according to the above-mentioned photovoltaic enterprise executives, based on the EPC price of 8 yuan/watt, the total investment amount of 749mw is about 5.992 billion yuan. CDB allows enterprises to provide only 20% of their own funds, and CDB alone needs to provide financial support of about 4.8 billion yuan

Shi Lishan, deputy director of the renewable energy department of the national energy administration, admitted that the state strongly supports the development of domestic distributed markets, but how to form the scale of the current 18 demonstration areas still faces challenges. "Because electricity takes electricity sales as its own income, the current power system is not conducive to distributed development. It will take time to implement the price and put the management in place."

highlights: supporting small enterprises and individual distributed

another advantage for photovoltaic is that the value-added tax rate of photovoltaic power generation may be reduced from about 17% to 8.5%, which is equal to the value-added tax of wind power.

a highlight of the notice is that distributed photovoltaic power stations developed by small and medium-sized enterprises and individuals are also included in the scope of financial support of CDB

according to the notice, for small and medium-sized enterprises and individuals who do not meet the requirements of directly applying for CDB loan qualification and whose credit rating is lower than bbb-, CDB will jointly establish local financing entities with different material compressive strength in different industries to be responsible for loan matters

the specific mode is that the national energy administration, local governments and energy management departments assist local governments to establish enterprise financing entities (i.e. unified borrowers) based on enterprise credit, with market-oriented actions, and with borrowing resources and loan commitment ability. The National Development Bank provides credit to the unified borrowers, and the unified borrowers then provide financial support to the objects that meet the loan conditions of CDB through legal and effective fund operation methods such as entrusted loans

"this mode means that CDB gives credit to enterprises, and then can entrust local banks such as China Construction Bank to lend loans to enterprises." The aforementioned Beijing photovoltaic enterprise explained

Tan Zaixing, director of the new energy Review Office of the China Development Bank, recently admitted that the national energy administration and CDB are planning to jointly issue a document to support distributed photovoltaic power generation financial services, and the relevant documents will be issued as soon as September

previously, there was unconfirmed news that natural persons built photovoltaic power stations on their roofs, and the loan scale could reach 50000-500000. However, the "notice" did not specify the borrowing scale of natural persons

however, the above-mentioned people from Beijing photovoltaic enterprises believe that at present, the number of domestic individual photovoltaic power stations applied for installation has been nearly 1000. However, since the installation scale of each household is about 10kW and the total investment is 30000-50000 yuan, the loan meaning given to natural persons in the initial stage of market development is not significant, and the greater significance lies in the future market expansion

in the first half of 2013, China's newly added photovoltaic installed capacity has not yet exceeded 3gw, and the overseas market has once again become a booster for Chinese photovoltaic enterprises to break through the bankruptcy bottleneck. In the second half of 2013, China's domestic installed capacity may exceed 5GW, making it a positive factor for the continuous improvement of the performance of Chinese photovoltaic enterprises in the second half of the year

another advantage for photovoltaic is that the value-added tax rate of photovoltaic power generation may be reduced from about 17% to 8.5%, which is equal to the value-added tax of wind power. The direct benefit of tax reduction is the substantial increase in the return on investment of photovoltaic power stations. At present, the internal rate of return of Western photovoltaic power station projects has generally been more than 10%

"rumors are not groundless, but this policy still needs to be issued by the State Administration of taxation." The above Beijing photovoltaic person said. Zhonghua glass () Department

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