The hottest automation will lead to the abuse of l

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Automation will lead to the abuse of labor in the garment industry in Asia

a recent risk assessment predicts that the start-up of the robot manufacturing industry will lead to substantial unemployment in Southeast Asia, which may lead to slavery and labor abuse in the global supply chain, especially in the garment, textile and footwear industries

in verisk maplecroft's annual human rights outlook, automation ranks first among its five issues

in the next 20 years, it is estimated that 56% of workers in manufacturing centers in Cambodia, Indonesia, Thailand, the Philippines and Vietnam will lose their jobs due to automation. As the possibility of unemployment increases greatly, the risk ratio of slavery and human trafficking in the supply chain will soar

in ASEAN-5, the garment, textile and footwear industries are particularly affected by automation risks

the annual human rights outlook report of verisk mapleft, a risk analysis company, lists automation as the first of five problems. These problems are identified as major challenges to reveal the reputation, operation and supply chain of Companies in countries where the performance of experimental machines is problematic now and in the future

the report predicts that the United Nations International Labor Organization (ILO) estimates that in the next 20 years, 56% of the workers in the manufacturing centers of Cambodia, Indonesia, Thailand, the Philippines and Vietnam will be unemployed due to automation, and the risk of slavery and human trafficking in the supply chain will soar

these countries, known as ASEAN-5, have long relied on low skilled labor and highly violated labor rights, and will face the risk of being eliminated by automation. At present, all these countries are rated as high-risk countries by verisk maplecroft's modern slavery index. When they feel the full impact of automation, their ranking and rating are expected to deteriorate

the report emphasizes that manufacturing centers in Southeast Asia will not face the challenges posed by automation alone. However, the analysis singled out the region based on the importance of multinational companies operating in consumer goods, retail, hotel and ICT industries in the global supply chain

Dr Alexandra channer, head of human rights at verisk maplecroft, said: "These unemployed workers who do not adapt to the skills or social security buffer are in a potential environment of increasing exploitation in the future, and will have to compete under the condition that the supply of low paid and low skilled jobs continues to decrease. If the government does not take specific measures to adapt and educate future generations to work with machines, then for many workers, this may be a competition."

in order to study the impact of automation on supply chain workers, veri China's modern biomedical materials industry has taken shape. Sk maplecroft applied its industry-specific labor risk index to the research data of the international labor organization on 21 industries, which are most likely to face the risk of being replaced by automation. Retail and manufacturing are considered to be the most risky industries, as well as agriculture, forestry and fisheries, construction and hotel industries

the report regards Vietnam as the country with the highest risk among the five countries studied, of which 67% of Vietnamese workers, about 36million people, will seek alternative livelihoods in an environment with high risk of exploitation

given the baseline of exploitation and the number of affected workers in the five ASEAN countries, the report concludes that the risks of slavery and human trafficking may rise significantly

verisk maplecroft believes that the garment, textile and footwear industries in the five ASEAN countries will face special risks due to the introduction of automation. These industries employ 59% of manufacturing workers in Cambodia and 39% in Vietnam. Therefore, any result of unemployment from this industry will affect most of the labor force in the whole manufacturing industry, most of which are women

in Vietnam and Cambodia, more than 85% of garment, textile and footwear jobs are faced with high risks of automation, of which more than 76% are held by women. This means that about 2.6 million Vietnamese women and more than 600000 Cambodian women will lose their jobs and compete for jobs in industries with high labor risk violations. The report said that as fewer women enter the labor market - or more women are forced into slavery - these countries will also find it difficult to achieve gender equality advocated by the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (sdgs)

channer continued, "enterprises adopt the gradual use of automation technology, but the unexpected consequences faced by millions of workers in the brand supply chain may be very serious. In particular, negative purchasing departments need to identify and understand the adverse impact of automation on people's right to work to solve the problems of entrepreneurs' lack of experience and investors' difficulty in" cross-border "investment, and cooperate with civil society and the government to reduce the impact of automation on the supply chain." 。

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